UNAMA is responsible for the direction and oversight of all UN relief, recovery and reconstruction activities in Afghanistan. One of the main functions of UNAMA’s Aid Coherence Unit is to coordinate the humanitarian development activities of UN agencies and to promote aid effectiveness and good development practice.
Secretary-General's latest report
The UN Secretary-General's report to the Security Council released on 6 September 2013 provides an update on the implementation of the Kabul Process and aid coherence, and humanitarian assistance, since 13 June 2013, listed below. For a full copy of the report, click here.
IV. Implementation of the Kabul process and coordination ofdevelopment assistance
35. On 29 June, the Government’s national priority programme “Law and Justice for All” was endorsed, meaning that 21 of 22 programmes are now agreed. Given recent large-scale insurgent attacks on judicial institutions, the programme recognizes that the security of judges and prosecutors will require reinforcement.
36. The Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework Senior Officials’ Meeting in Kabul on 3 July was co-chaired by the Ministers of Finance and for Foreign Affairs and my Special Representative. It was attended by delegations from 40 countries and eight international organizations, together with Afghan senior officials and civil society representatives. Plenary sessions discussed elections and aid-effectiveness, while working groups focused on human rights; rule of law and governance; and integrity in public finance, subnational governance and sustained and inclusive growth. It was noted that both the Government and the international community had made progress in meeting their commitments, but that greater efforts were needed on outstanding issues. The Minister of Finance reiterated the need for the international community to recognize Afghan ownership and leadership through a focus on institution-building and cost-effectiveness.
37. There was also discussion on economic growth and infrastructure development, highlighting achievements in public finance management and regional cooperation. Revenue growth over the past decade was welcomed as a significant achievement. The World Bank presented an economic forecast that estimated Afghanistan’s real gross domestic product growth as 11.8 per cent in 2012/13, up from 7.3 per cent in 2011/12. This was, however, expected to slow in 2013/14 and fall to an average of 4.8 per cent annually over the next five years, with the overall economic scenario remaining challenging. Exports have declined against rising imports, leading to widening trade deficits. Revenue generation dropped by 19.6 per cent in the first quarter of 2013, although measures by the Government have slowed it to 3.9 per cent in the second quarter. The Government’s ability to manage public finance was reported to have improved, with budget execution at 50 per cent compared to 39 per cent in 2010/11, but further progress would be required to sustain donor funding.
38. To ensure ongoing momentum, mechanisms of high-level dialogue between the Government and the international community that were established in the lead-up to the Senior Officials Meeting will continue. The strategic Steering Committee and working-level Technical Committee have been augmented by monthly Ministerial and ambassadorial-level meetings of the five plus three (the five major donors together with three rotating members) and weekly heads of donor agency gatherings. Three technical groups — on planning, national priority programme implementation, and elimination of violence against women and human rights — will also support further progress. The Government has also continued to engage donor partners in the implementation of its Aid Management Policy, including on-budget financing, development framework agreements, financing agreements, and joint analysis, research and assessments. The discussion is seeking to promote joint understanding on an aid-effectiveness agenda and consensus on definitions of “on budget” and “alignment”.
39. On 7 July, the Independent Directorate of Local Governance, together with the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, finalized policy and terms of reference for the establishment of District Coordination Councils. These are intended to be in place until such time as constitutionally-mandated District Council elections take place. Provincial committees would determine membership based on Government criteria. The proposal has been submitted to the Council of Ministers for approval, with UNAMA facilitating consultations between the Government and the international community on funding modalities.
40. On 8 July, the United Nations launched the Afghanistan Integrity Initiative to support the Government in meeting anti-corruption priorities. It aims to provide an analytical foundation for a whole-of-Government approach, including simplifying administrative processes and ensuring that systems report and redress maladministration, misconduct and corruption. The Government’s Transparency and Accountability national priority programme remains the only one yet to be endorsed. The Standing Committee of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board noted progress on two of the four donor redlines, namely, ratification of the access to information law and streamlining of building permits in the Kabul Municipality, while verification of public officials’ assets and the financial audit regime lagged.