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UNAMAUnited Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
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 Peace and Reconciliation

The UN Secretary General's report to the Security Council released on 7 March 2014 provides an update of UNAMA activities, including in the area of peace and reconciliation, since 6 December 2013. For a full copy of the report, click here.

Peace and Reconciliation

• At the end of December 2013, a total of 7,796 anti-government elements were enrolled in the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme, including 693 commanders/leaders. Since the beginning of the programme, 164 small grants projects have been approved in 25 provinces, benefiting communities through the development of infrastructure and providing short-term employment opportunities for community members and reintegrees

• To support the Government’s efforts to stabilize key areas, the United Nations-supported National Area-Based Development Programme continued in 2013, with 22 projects completed in 10 provinces. These projects benefited
94,182 people, including by providing ex-combatants with alternative economic opportunities

• From 8 to 11 January 2013, President Karzai, accompanied by the Chair of the High Peace Council, visited Washington, D.C., and discussed with the President of the United States of America and other officials the furtherance of the peace process

• Participants in the third International Conference for Islamic Cooperation for a Peaceful Future in Afghanistan, held in Istanbul on 4 and 5 March 2013, called for the settlement of differences through dialogue and negotiations. The follow-up conference, held in Kabul on 8 April 2013, explored practical measures to implement what had been endorsed in Istanbul. The religious scholars participating in the Conference denounced suicide attacks as un-Islamic

• On 18 June 2013, the Taliban issued a statement indicating its willingness to pursue a political solution to the conflict in Afghanistan. An office for talks was opened in Doha, in the presence of designated Taliban officials and the Qatari authorities. The Taliban’s use of the name and symbols of its former regime at the opening ceremony triggered a strongly negative reaction from the Government of Afghanistan and wider Afghan society. On 19 June, the Government declared that dialogue would be postponed pending guarantees that the process would be fully Afghan-led. Subsequently, the office was temporarily closed

• In response to a request made by President Karzai during an official visit to Pakistan on 26 and 27 August 2013, seven Taliban prisoners were released on 7 September 2013, and Mullah Baradar was released on 21 September 2013

• A High Peace Council delegation travelled to Islamabad from 19 to 21 November 2013, where they met with the Prime Minister and other Government officials to work on previously agreed initiatives. During a visit to Kabul on
30 November 2013, the Prime Minister of Pakistan renewed commitments to the facilitation of talks with the Taliban

• In 2013, UNAMA organized four mediation skills training courses for 73 prominent Afghan stakeholders in four provinces and supported seven local peace initiatives, which resulted in 21 local dialogue events held in nine provinces. Those initiatives produced five declarations or interim agreements in support of reconciliation or confidence-building measures between communities

• The development of the national action plan for Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) to enhance women’s role in conflict prevention and participation in the peace process continued, with United Nations technical and financial assistance being provided to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

• In 2013, the Government of Afghanistan provided substantiated, updated and accurate information to the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1988 (2011), including an annual report on the status of reportedly reconciled individuals who had been delisted in the course of 2012

• On 16 April, the Committee approved the listing of an individual for manufacturing improvised explosive devices for the Taliban and for constituting a threat to the peace, stability and security of Afghanistan

• In 2013, 1 provincial peace committee was established, bringing the total of such committees to 33. The number of provincial joint secretariat teams implementing the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme increased to 33

• The first meeting between the High Peace Council and political parties was held on 16 April 2013, to discuss ways to achieve unity among various layers of Afghan society in support of the peace process. A similar meeting was held on 2 May 2013 with the Cooperation Council of Political Parties and Coalitions of Afghanistan

• In April and May 2013, the High Peace Council held meetings with Afghan civil society representatives to establish a forum to address the concerns of civil society groups and promote inclusivity in national peace dialogues

• On 4 July 2013, the High Peace Council participated in a conference, entitled “Discussing the Social Peace Strategy”, organized by a forum of civil society groups. It was agreed that the Council’s joint secretariat and the forum would jointly establish a mechanism for the implementation of the strategy

• A joint High Peace Council and ulema conference was held in Kabul on 4 August 2013 to discuss ways to expand outreach through mosques and religious centres to promote peace and tolerance

• During Peace Week, in September 2013, the High Peace Council organized a regional conference on the role of women in the peace process, in Jalalabad; an international ulema conference on Islam, peace and tolerance, in
Kabul; and a High Peace Council and civil society joint gathering, in Kabul. In addition, some 120 outreach events, attended by more than 25,000 people, were held throughout the country to promote peace and reconciliation